Present Tense : Tenses For SSC, UPSC, Banking and Railway

Saturday, June 10, 2017

Tenses are defined as the form of a verb Which indicates time and the state of an action. Tenses are further divided into three parts namely Present Tense, Past Tense and Future Tense. In this series of tenses we will learn all the concepts of tenses comprehensively with special mention to Competitive Exams. Meanwhile in this post we will learn about  Present Tense. Also Read: Past Tenses

What is Present Tense?

Present Tense is that form of verb Which indicates the state of action or event happening​ in present time.
Example: - 
(i) Ram teaches English. 
(ii) He is playing football.
Present Tense is subdivided into four parts: -
1. Present Indefinite Tense
2. Present Continuous Tense
3. Present Perfect Tense
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1. Present Indefinite Tense

This tense is commonly used to express practises, customs, habits, universal truths, permanent activities etc.
Present Indefinite Tense are described by the adverbs such as 'generally, always, daily, occasionally etc. The formula used for creating a sentence in Present Indefinite Tense is as follows: -
  • Subject + Verb (4th Form) + Object = Present Indefinite Tense
Examples: -
  1. Rahul often gets late for school.
  2. Sun is far away from the earth.
  3. Saurabh always obey his father.

Additional(Advanced) Uses of Present Indefinite Tense

(A) Present Indefinite Tense for Historical Events(These sentences should start with Now)

Examples: -
  1. Now Mahatma Gandhi addresses the peasants of Paschim Champaran.
  2. Now march against the Simon Commission begins.

(B) Present Indefinite Tense for Futuristic (Only important Events)

Example: -
  1. PM Modi on 4 days visit of USA from tomorrow.
  2. He leaves for New York next week.


It should include time mention for Futuristic events like tomorrow, next week etc.

2. Present Continuous Tense

This tense is generally used to express an action in progress. This is commonly used for action of temporary in nature (not for permanent activity). The formula used to write a sentence in Present Continuous Tense is as follows: -
  • Subject + is/am/are + Verb (Present Participle) + Object = Present Continuous Tense
Examples: -
  1. He is going to New Delhi.
  2. She is shopping for her wedding.
Additional Uses of Present Continuous Tense : -
(A) Present Continuous Tense for Futuristic definite events.
Examples: -
  1. I am going to America tomorrow.
  2. John is coming next Monday.

(B) Present Continuous Tense can be used to express an which is not to the liking of the speaker : -

  1. He is always complaining about his father.
  2. She is always teaching her children.

3. Present Perfect Tense

Actually this tense is a combination of Present Tense and Past Tense. Since at the time of speaking the task/action is already completed in the past, but it is a recent past.
The formula used to create a sentence in Present Perfect Tense is as follows: -
  • Subject + has/have + Verb (3rd Form) + Object + time expression (optional) = Present Perfect Tense
Examples: -
  1. I have just completed my task given by my boss.
  2. I have already had my breakfast.
  3. He has known me for two years.
  4. We have planned a picnic for tomorrow.

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense denotes an action continuing from the past into the present. In these type of sentences time expressions are used as follows : - Since, for, throughout, all along, whole, how long, all etc.


'Since' is used for a particular point of time like Monday, 12 o'clock, January etc. While 'for' is used for a period of time like one year, two days, three hours etc.
The sentence can be formed by using the following formulae: -
  • Subject + has/have + been + Verb(present participle) + since/for/time expressions = Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Present Continuous + Time Expression = Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Examples: -
  1. He has been working for two years.
  2. She has been fasting since previous Monday.
  3. We have been learning this lesson