These Fake News spread much rapidly than any virus or bacteria and infect a very large number of people on daily basis. Which is making people more and more rigid towards a particular viewpoint, faith, religion or thinking and becoming lesser tolerant towards opposite view points.
- According to latest data released by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on Riots, 161 riots were happened in 2017 with on an average 237 victims per day an increase of about 22%. And it has been seen in recent times that most those riots were happened due to social media and fake news.
How Social Media And Fake News Are Polarising Indian Society?
A study conducted by Aalto University, Finland in 2019, on Increasing Polarisation on social Media found that two factors like User Homophily and Algorithmic filtering have created the cycle enforcing and reinforcing belief systems and ensuring that we don't open our minds to diverse opinions.
- The best solution of these problems is to educate the people about social media and the it's harms. So, that they can become aware about such kind of hate propaganda and do not fall prey to such divisive policies.
- Make cyber crime wings of police department more technically equipped and powerful so, that they become able to trace fake news and claims, as early as possible and can be stopped/prevented from spreading to large number of people.
- To some extent Data Localisation can also solve the problem especially from any kind foreign country sponsored propaganda as recently done by ISI during Delhi Riots 2020 (as per reports of NIA and other investigating agency). But in encrypted world data localisation will not work everywhere as in the case of WhatsApp, whose data is End-to-End Encrypted which can't be tracked or recovered easily or even impossible.
- We should also strengthen our cyber Laws to face the challenge of modern cyber crimes happening over internet and specially on social media platforms.
- Although, in democratic India we can not block social Media and restrict the freedom of Opinion, prescribed in the Constitution (Article 19). But we can legally force Social Media Companies to take responsibility of such crimes and remove such contents immediately after published, which is possible to be done.